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    四大剽竊丑聞

    原文作者:宋宜秋

      plagiarism isn't just for procrastinating2) students. even famous politicians, writers, artists and educators have been found guilty of plagiarism, whether on purpose or by accident. check out the top 4 plagiarism scandals of all time, involving some of the world's most illustrious3) publications and individuals.
       剽竊并非那些學習拖拖拉拉的學生的“專利”,就連一些有名的政客、作家、藝術家和教育界人士都曾因剽竊而東窗事發——不管他們當時是有意為之,還是無心之失。下文列出了史上最大的四宗剽竊丑聞,世界上最有名的一些著作和人物都被牽涉其中。
       1. barack obama 巴拉克·奧巴馬
      during the presidential campaign in february 2008, barack obama was accused of4) plagiarizing a speech by massachusetts governor deval patrick, given in october 2006. obama's speech, given in wisconsin, included quotations from several other speeches, which he credited to5) martin luther king, jr. and john f. kennedy, as well as a quotation from the declaration of independence. plagiarismtoday.com noted that after comparing deval's speech with obama's, one could see that obama "used many of the same quotes as well as very similar phrasing". obama apologized for not giving credit to deval after the two had worked on his speech together, and deval made a public announcement, calling the whole incident "unfair", and supporting obama's speech, according to boston.com.
       2008年2月,巴拉克·奧巴馬在總統競選活動中被指剽竊了馬薩諸塞州州長德瓦爾·帕特里克在2006年10月發表的一篇演講。www.d6169.com奧巴馬在威斯康星州發表的這篇演講中引用了一些其他演講的語句,奧巴馬稱這些語句分別出自馬丁·路德·金和約翰·f·肯尼迪的演說,這篇演講還引用了《獨立宣言》中的一句話。今日剽竊網站指出,對比德瓦爾和奧巴馬兩個人的演講稿,你會發現奧巴馬“引用了許多相同的詞句,措辭也十分相似”。據波士頓在線網報道,奧巴馬事后表示,演講稿是他和德瓦爾兩人共同起草的,并為演講中未說明德瓦爾的貢獻而致歉。德瓦爾也發表公開聲明,稱整起事件對奧巴馬“有失公允”,并對奧巴馬的講話表示支持。
       2. the catcher in the rye sequel 《麥田里的守望者》續篇 [論文網]
      one of the most iconic6) books in american literary history, the catcher in the rye, spawned7) a sketchy spin-off8) by an anonymous writer "j. d. california". j. d. salinger sued the author and is fighting to have the book—called coming through the rye—banned in the u.s. it is already being sold in england, and the anonymous author claims his version is just a parody9), while salinger believes it is plagiarism.
       singer michael bolton was involved in a serious plagiarism lawsuit after his 1991 song "love is a wonderful thing" was revealed to have been "stolen" from a 1966 song by the isley brothers, reported ew.com. in 2000 the u.s. ninth circuit court of appeals fined bolton $5.4 million, which yahoo! reports "is the largest damages award ever made as the result of a music plagiarism case".
       respected historian and writer stephen ambrose was the center of a major, highly publicized10) plagiarism scandal in 2002 after his book the wild blue: the men and boys who flew the b-24s over germany was speculated11) to have been plagiarized from a 1995 book called wings of morning: the story of the last american bomber shot down over germany in world war ii, by thomas childers, a history professor from the university of pennsylvania. as fred barnes of the weekly standard notes, very specific standout12) phrases like "glittering like mica13)" appeared in both books, though ambrose never directly quoted or acknowledged childers' book. ambrose was harshly14) criticized, and the scandal was covered in various news stories, especially when mark lewis from forbes.com found five more cases of plagiarism in another ambrose book.
       作為美國文學史上最具標志性的作品之一,《麥田里的守望者》催生了署名“j. d. 加利福尼亞”的一個匿名作家粗制濫造的續篇。j. d. 塞林格將該書作者告上了法庭,現在力求在美國禁售這本名為《穿越麥田》的作品。這本書已經在英國上市,該匿名作者宣稱此書只是一部仿作,但塞林格卻認為那實屬剽竊。
       據ew網站報道,由于1991年的歌曲《愛如此美妙》被指抄襲了艾斯里兄弟合唱團1966年發行的歌曲,歌手邁克爾·波頓被卷入了一場重大的剽竊訴訟中。2000年,美國第九巡回上訴法庭(編注:是美國最大的上訴法庭)做出判決,判罰波頓540萬美元罰金,按照雅虎網站的說法,這是“迄今為止的音樂作品剽竊案件中判罰數額最高的罰金”。
       2002年,由于作品《空軍戰士——1944?1945年駕駛b-24轟炸機飛越德國上空的男人們》涉嫌剽竊了賓夕法尼亞大學歷史學教授托馬斯·奇爾德斯于1995年出版的《晨翼:二戰中德國上空最后被擊落的美軍轟炸機》一書,一向受人尊敬的歷史學家及作家斯蒂芬·安布羅斯成了一場非常轟動的剽竊丑聞的焦點。正如《旗幟周刊》的弗雷德·巴恩斯所指出的那樣,盡管安布羅斯從未直接引用奇爾德斯的著作,也未將其列入致謝名單,但兩部書中卻都出現了諸如“閃耀著云母般的光澤”這樣一些獨特的妙語佳句。安布羅斯受到了猛烈抨擊,特別是在福布斯網站的馬克·劉易斯發現他的另外一部作品也存在五處剽竊問題之后,這起剽竊丑聞更是被各類新聞媒體大肆報道。

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  •  更新時間:2013-04-07 16:35:18  作者:佚名 [標簽: 檢測 文字 檢測 系統 ]
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